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莎士比亚喜剧 2
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Shakespeare sGreatComedies CharacteristicsofGreatComedies Inhiscomedies heportrayedyoungpeoplejustfreedfromfeudalfetters Hesangoftheiryouth loveandidealofhappiness Thevictoryoftheirhumanistidealisinevitable thoughitistobeattainedonlyafterseverestruggleagainstallobstacles Theheroesandheroinesfightagainstdestinyitselfandmouldtheirownfateaccordingtotheirownfreewill AsbecomesthesonsanddaughtersoftheRenaissance theytrustnotinGodorKingbutinthemseives andtheireffortsarecrownedwithsuccess Thegeneralspiritisoptimism Scenesinthesecomediesareallsetinsome imaginary oridealcountry Alloftheseembodythat thesunalwaysshinesasthedramatistwills Plotsbringthecharacterstoahappyconclusion inwhichtheloversgetmarried TheGreatComedies Shakespeare TheMerchantofVenice 威尼斯商人 AMidsummerNight sDream 仲夏夜之梦 AsYouLikeIt 皆大欢喜 TwelfthNight 第十二夜 AMidsummerNight sDream 1595 1596 Maincharacters Hermia 郝玉娅 Lysander 拉山德 Helena 海丽娜 Demetrius 狄米特律斯 Kingofthefairies PuckPlot Hermia orderedbyherfathertomarryDemetrius refuses becauseshelovesLysander whileDemetriushasformerlyprofessedloveforherfriendHelena HermiaandLysanderagreetoleaveAthensandmeetinawood ButDemetriusfollowsHermia andHelenaDemetrius sothatallfourarethatnightinthewood Thiswoodisthehauntoffairies Oberon kingofthefairies overhearingthequarrelbetweenDemetriusandHelenaanddesiroustoreconcilethem ordersPucktodropsomelove juiceintotheeyesofDemetrius tomakehimloveHelenaagain ButPuckunluckilydropsitintoLysander seyes makinghimconfesslovetoHelena WhenPuckappliesthejuiceagain bothDemetriusandLysandermakelovetoHelena Thisleadstoaquarrelbetweenthetwogirlsandtoanattemptedduelbetweentheirtolovers Atlast Oberonsetsthematterright andtheyreturntotheirformerloves Influence Theplay fullofdelightfulfancyandfun endswithhappynuptials ItisthemostLyricalofallShakespeare splays inwhichelementsofGreekmythologyarefancifullycombinedwiththoseofBritishfolklore TheMerchantofVenice 1596 1597 Maincharacters Portia 鲍细霞 Antonio 安东尼奥 Shylock 夏洛克 Bassanio 巴萨尼奥 Plot AmoneylessyoungVenetian BassaniowantstocourtPortia amerchantofVenice forhelp ButAntonio smoneyisinvestedinshipsatsea ToaidBassanioinhiscourtship heborrowsmoneyfromShylocktheJewishusurer Shylock hasbeeninsultedbyAntonioandotherChristians agreestolendthemoneyontheconditionthat iftheloanisnotpaidinthreemonths hemaycutapoundoffleshfromAntoniosbody Withthismoney BassanioisacceptedbyPortiainmarriage ButnewscomesthatAntonio sshipdoesn treturnontimeandhecannotpaythemoney Shylockdemandshispoundofflesh Thecaseisbroughtbeforethecourt Antonioisindanger Atthecriticalmoment aoungdoctoroflawarrivesatthecourt ThedoctoradmitsthesalidityofShylock sclaim butwarnshim underpainofdeath thathemustfulfiltheveryletterofhisbond takingnomoreandnolessthanonepoundofflesh andspillingnodropofblood TheJewhasnochoicebuttoobeytheverdictofthecourt TheyoungdoctoroflawwhosavesthelifeofAntonioisnootherthanPortiaindisguise Influence Throughtheplay heprotestsagainstracialdiscrimination TheMerchantofVeniceisa gravecomedy AsYouLikeIt 1599 1600 Maincharacters Oliver 阿立夫 Rosalind 罗斯兰 Celia 西莉亚 Orlando 欧兰得 Frederick 弗得利克 Plot Frederick abadnobleman hasusurpedthedukedomofhiselderbrother TheoldDukehastakenrefugewithafewfollowersintheneighbouringForestofArden ButhisdaughterRosalindstaysatthecourtwiththeusurper sdaughterCelia whoisherdevotedfriend Thereisawrestlinginthecourt towhichyoungOrlando anorphan comes Oliver hiswickedelderbrother hasinstigatdeawrestlertokillhim buthekillsthewrestlerinthematch Rosalindfallsinlovewithhimandhewithher FrederickbanishesRosalindfromthecourt ShedressesherselfasaboyandgoestotheforestwithhergoodfriendCelia OrlandofollowsthemandjoinstheexiledDuke WhenRosalindindisguisemeetsOrlando shetellshimtoplaylovertoherasthoughshewerehisRosalind Oliver comingtokillOrlando issavedbyhimfromahungrylioness sorepentsandisacceptedbyCelia AtthenuptialofCeliaandOliverinthepresenceoftheoldDuke Rosalindappearsinherweddingfrock tothehappysurpriseofall Influence AsYouLikeItisoneofthemostcharmingcomediesofShakespeare FOLLO UPATES TwelfthNight 1599 1600 Maincharacters Sebastian 西巴斯辛 Viola 薇奥拉 theDuckOrsino 奥西诺 Olivia 奥亚维亚 Plot ThestorydisplaysSebastianandViolatwinbrotherandsisterareseparateedinashipwreck 海难 offthecoastofIllyria 伊利里亚 ViolafellinlovewiththeyoungDukeOrsino dressingherselfupasaboy buttheDukeinlovetherichcountess 伯爵夫人 Olivia HoweverOliviaalreadyfellinlovewithOrsino expressingsentiments 感情 onlovesoeloquently 善辩的 thatOliviabecameinlovethepage 侍者 notwiththeDuke Afterth
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