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2014届每日攻克目标
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2014届每日攻克目标 想对你们说的话此计划于2013/6/9开始实施,无间隔执行,每天10个单词,一组短语,一个句型。本着自愿不强制的原则进行,目的是帮助同学们记住必备单词,扫清英语答题的障碍。背单词的过程或许枯燥无聊,但是如果想达到登峰造极的水平,这是不可或缺的步骤,也是同学们走向成功的桥梁和基石,只有持之以恒才能最终感受到完成目标的喜悦,每天一小步,最后才能飞跃,希望你们都能够张开翅膀,在更广阔的天空翱翔,畅快的享受一个即将到来的悠长的假期。正在做这时正要做这时刚刚做完这时be had (just) done doing about to do sth//on the point of sth/ when2013-6-9381/ academic adj/ 学术的2/ province n/ 省 3/ enthusiastic adj/ 热心的 4/ amazing adj/ 令人吃惊的;令人惊讶的 5/ information n/ 信息 6/ website n/ 网站;网址 7/ brilliant adj/ (口语)极好的 8/ comprehension n/ 理解;领悟9/ instruction n/ (常作复数)指示;说明10/ method n/ 方法1/ make fire 生火句型1:sb/ (when:这时/ 强调一个动作的突然发生)1)/ I was walking along the river/ _ I heard a drowning boy cry for help/2)/ I was about to leave when it began to rain/3)/ I _(finish) my test paper when the bell rang/ announcing the exam was over/2013-6-1011/ bored adj/ 厌烦的/ 厌倦的12/ embarrassed adj/ 尴尬的;难堪的;困窘的 13/ attitude n/ 态度 14/ behaviour n/ 行为;举动 15/ previous adj/ 以前的;从前的16/ description n/ 记述;描述17/ amazed adj/ 吃惊的;惊讶的18/ embarrassing adj/ 令人尴尬的;令人难堪的19/ technology n/ 技术 20/ impress vt/ 使印象深刻2/ catch fire 着火句型2:It was (not ) + 时间段+before +一般过去时 过了一段时间就/It will (not )be+ 时间段+before +一般现在时 要过一段时间才会 It is/ has been +时间段+ since/ It was +点时间+ when/ It was +时间状语+ that /(强调句)1)/ It was not long before he sensed the danger of the position/不久他就意识到他处境危险(动作已发生)2)/ It will be half a year before you graduate from the school/ 还有半年你才从这个学校毕业(动作未发生)3)/ It is 3 years since he worked here/=he left here/(since从句中的谓语动词若是延续性动词,要从这个动作结束的时候算起)4)/ It was 3 oclock when they received the telephone/5) It was at 3 oclock that they received the telephone/2013-6-1121/ correction n/ 改正;纠正 22/ encouragement n/ 鼓励;激励 23/ enjoyment n/ 享受;乐趣 24/ fluency n/ 流利;流畅25/ misunderstanding n/ 误解26/ disappointed adj/ 失望的27/ disappointing adj/ 令人失望的28/ system n/ 制度;体系;系统29/ teenager n/ 少年 30/ disappear vi/ 消失 3/ put out the fire 灭火句型3:no +比较级+ than/ A 与B都不/仅仅,只有(全部否定/强调少的概念)1)/ He works no harder than I/他和我都不用功2)/ There are no more than seven people in the room/ 屋里只有七个人。not+比较级+ than/ A不如B /不超过,至多(否定前者/客观陈述)3)/ He doesnt work harder than I/他不如我用功4)/ There are not more than seven people in the room/ 屋里至多有七个人。more than 与其/倒不如(= not as/ soas)5)/ He is more diligent than clever/ 与其说他聪明,倒不如说他勤奋=He is not as/ so clever as diligent/6)It is more like a meeting than like a party/- It is not as a party as a meetingmore than=not only 不仅仅7)/Mr/ Zhang is more than my teacher/ he is also my best friend/张先生不仅仅是我的老师,他还是我的朋友2013-6-1231/ move vi/ 搬家 32/ assistant n/ 助手;助理 33/ cover vt/ 包含 34/ diploma n/ 文凭;***书 35/ amusing adj/ 有趣的;可笑的 36/ energetic adj/ 精力充沛的 37/ intelligent adj/ 聪明的 38/ nervous adj/ 紧张的;焦虑的 39/ organised adj/ 有组织的;有系统的 40/ patient adj/ 耐心的 4/ ( be) on fire 着火/失火句型4: once/一旦// 表示时间和条件(主将从现 如从句主语于主句主语一致,从句使用be动词,可以将从句中的主语和be同时省略)1)Once you understand what the teacher explained/ you will have no difficulty doing the work/2)/ Once you have decided to do something/ you should finish it and do it well/3)Once (you are) caught cheating in the exam/ you will face severe punishment/2013-6-1341/ serious adj/ 严肃的 42/ shy adj/ 害羞的;羞怯的 43/ strict adj/ 严格的;严厉的 44/ impression n/ 印象 45/ avoid vt/ (故意)避开 46/ hate vt/ 讨厌;不喜欢 47/ incorrectly adv/ 不正确地 48/ completely adv/ 十分地;完全地 49/ immediately adv/ 立即,即刻 50/ appreciate vt/ 感激 5/ set sth on fire 放火烧sth句型5: The +比较级,the +比较级 越/ 越 1) The more books you read/ the more knowledge you will get/ 2)The busier he is/ the happier he feels/2012-6-1451/ admit vt/ 承认 52/ scientific adj/ 科学的 53/ literature n/ 文学 54/ loudly adv/ 大声地 55/ wave vt/ 挥(手);招(手) 56/ joke n/ 玩笑;笑话 57/ summary n/ 总结;摘要;提要 58/ respect vt/ & n/ 尊敬;尊重 59/ grade n/(美)成绩;分数 60/ headmaster n/ 校长 6/ think about = think over 仔细思考句型6/:as if/ as though/(表示与事实相反,用虚拟-虚拟时从句动词的变化和If从句的变化基本一致,总的来说就是把动词时态从真实的时态再过去推进一下;若表示即将成为事实或有可能成为事实,则用陈述语气)1)/ He was in great trouble/ but he acted as if nothing _(happen)/2)/ Although they just met for the first time/ they talked as if they had been friends for many years3)/ The clouds are gathering/ It looks as if it is going to rain/2013-6-1561/ headmistress n/ 女校长 62/ period n/ 一段时间 63/ revision n/ 复习 64/ translation n/ 翻译 65/ timetable n/ 时间表 66/ topic n/ 话题;题目 67/ vacation n/ 假期 68/ revise vt/ 温习(功课) 69/ discipline n/ 纪律 70/ relationship n/ 关系 7/ think of句型7:n/ /adj/ / adv/ / v/ + as / though +主语+谓语, 尽管/ / 引导让步状语从句(as引导让步状语从句必须倒装,though是可倒可不倒) 1)/Child as he is/ I already know what career I want to follow/ 2)/ Try as he might/ he couldnt solve the problem/ 3)/ Much as I respect him/ I cant agree with his idea/2013-6-1671/ headmistress n/ 女校长 72/ period n/ 一段时间 73/ revision n/ 复习 74/ translation n/ 翻译 75/ timetable n/ 时间表 76/ topic n/ 话题;题目 77/ vacation n/ 假期 78/ revise vt/ 温习(功课) 79/ discipline n/ 纪律 80/ relationship n/ 关系 8/ think back( to) 回想句型8:whether/or/ 无论是/还是/1)/ Whether the weather is good or bad/ they will set off as they planned/2)/ Any person/ whether young or old/ has his own worth/2013-6-1781/ formal adj/ 正式的 82/ relaxed adj/ 轻松的;松懈的;宽松的 83/ similarly adv/ 同样地,类似地 )84/ helicopter n/ 直升飞机 85/ motorbike n/ 摩托车 86/ tram n/ 电车 87/ distance n/ 距离 88/ abandoned adj/ 被遗弃的89/ camel n/ 骆驼 90/ cassette n/ 录音带 9/ think nothing of 觉得不怎么样句型8:疑问词+ever = no matter +疑问词/ 引导让步状语从句或名词性从句 1)/ Whichever(=No matter which) you like/ you can take it away/ ( 让步状语从句) You can take away whichever(=any one that) you like/ ( 名词性从句)2)/ Whenever you comes/ you will be welcome/ ( 让步状语从句)3)/ Whatever happens/ I will support you/ ( 让步状语从句)4)/ Whoever breaks the law/ he will certainly be punished/ ( 让步状语从句) Whoever breaks the law will certainly be punished/ ( 名词性从句)5)/ However great the difficulty is/ we can overcome it/ ( 让步状语从句)2013-6-1891/ desert n/ 沙漠 92/ diamond n/ 钻石 93/ expert n/ 专家 94/ midnight n/ 半夜 95/ product n/ 产品 96/ scenery n/ 风景;景色 97/ shoot vt/ (shot/ shot) 射杀 98/ soil n/ 土壤 99/ journey n/ 旅程 100/ train vt/ 训练 10/ think out 想出句型10: Ifas long asso long as providing that 假如/provided that supposing that on condition that /1)/ I will lend you money on condition that you can return it within 3 months/2013-6-19101/ event n/ 事件 102/ exhausted adj/ 疲惫不堪的 103/ downtown adj/ 商业区的;市中心的 104/ vacuum n/ 真空;空白 105/ rail n/ 铁轨 106/ ceremony n/ 仪式 107/ track n/ 轨道 108/ souvenir n/ 纪念品 109/ survey n/ 调查 110/ neighbourhood n/ 四邻;街坊 11/ think/speak highly/much of 对评价高,赞赏句型11:given that/ considering that 考虑到// 鉴于1)/ Given her interest in children/ Given that she is interested in children/ Im sure teaching is the right career for her/2)/ Considering his age and his experience/ he has done well/2013-6-20111/ local adj/ 地方的;局部的 112/ suburb n/ 城郊;郊区 113/ hometown n/ 家乡 114/ attractive adj/ 有吸引力的;吸引人的 115/ fortunate adj/ 幸运的;吉祥的 116/ pretty adv/ 很;相当 117/ sound vi/ 听起来 118/ tourist n/ 旅游者;观光客 119/ bother vt/ 打扰;烦扰;麻烦 120/ nuisance n/ 令人讨厌的人或事 11/ think little/poorly of 对评价不高,不赞成句型12:in case that/ in case of/ 万一// 以防/1)/ In case of fire/ please dial 119 at once/2)/ In case that John comes/ John should come/ tell him to wait/2013-6-21121/ rent n/ 租金 122/ district n/ 地域;区域;行政区 123/ approach vt/ 接近 124/ harbour n/ 海港 125/ gorgeous adj/ 美丽的;宜人的 126/ architecture n/ 建筑 127/ starve vi/ 饿死 128/ park vt/ 停车 129/ traffic n/ 交通 130/ committee n/ 委员会 13/ make friends (with sb) 与sb交友make enemies (with sb) 与 sb 树敌句型13:祈使句+ or/otherwise +结果句或祈使句+ and +结果句1)/ Stop doing such foolish thing/ or you will be punished in time/2)/ More effort/ and the problem would have been settled/3)/ Think it over/ and you will find the answer/2013-6-22131/ organisation n/ 组织 132/ unemployed adj/ 失业的;没有工作的 133/ household n/ 家属;家人 134/ occupation n/ 职业 135/ professional adj/ 专业的 136/ manual adj/ 用手的;手的 137/ employment n/ 就业;工作;职业 138/ gallery n/ 美术馆;画廊 139/ exchange vt/ 交换 140/ fascinating adj/ 迷人的;吸引人的 14/ care about 在意,在乎句型14/:so/ such/that/引导结果状语从句时须注意 当名词前many/ much/ little/ few有修饰时/ 用so不用such因为此时的中心词不再是名词,而是many/ much/ little/ few这些表示数量的词。 1)/ The westerners eat so much fat and sugar that they put on weight easily/ 2)/ There are so few fish in the lake that we couldnt fish them easily/ 当名词是单数可数名词,前面又由adj/修饰时,注意冠词的位置,即so+ adj +a(n)+n 或such+ a(n) + adj/+ n 1)/ He is such an honest person/ so honest a person that you can depend on him when you are in trouble/ 当so/such引导的部分位于句首时,主句要用部分倒装结构 1)/ Such great progress has he made in his studies that we all admire him/ 当主从句主语一致时可与动词不定式相互转换/即变成so/such/as to do结构。 1)/The westerners eat so much fat and sugar as to put on weight easily/2013-6-23141/ afford vt/ 买得起;有能力支付 142/ survive vi/ 死里逃生;大难不死 143/ contact vt/ 联络;联系(某人) 144/ liquid n/ 液体 145/ expand vi/ 膨胀 146/ contract vi/ 收缩 147/ substance n/ 物质 148/ mixture n/ 混合物 149/ oxygen n/ 氧气 150/ electricity n/ 电 15/ care for 喜欢,照顾,关心,在意句型15: so that 引导目的状语从句与结果状语从句so that(= in order that)引导目的状语从句时常与情态动词连用,当主从句主语一致时可转换为so as to do/ in order to do/1)/ He turned up the radio a little so that he could hear the news clearly/ He turned up the radio a little so as to hear the news clearly/2)/ He closed all the windows while driving so that he shouldnt catch cold/(否定句中情态动词用shouldnt)so that 引导结果状语从句一般不与情态动词连用1)/ He turned up the radio a little so that he heard the news clearly/2013-6-24151/ stage n/ 阶段;时期 152/ conclusion n/ 结论 153/ aim n/ 目标;目的154/ reaction n/ 反应 155/ electrical adj/ 与电有关的;用电的 156/ equipment n/ 设备;装备 157/ react vi/ (化学)反应 158/ potassium n/ 钾 159/ sodium n/ 钠 160/ calcium n/ 钙 16/ take for example 以 为例句型16:can never/ cant 与too/ too much/ enough/ over搭配表示“无论怎样/都不过分/越越好” 1)/ While you are doing your homework/ you cant be careful enough/ 2)/ He is such a great man that we cant praise him too much/ 3)/ William Hartley was handsome/ determined and hardworking/ in a word/ I couldnt speak too highly of him/ 4)/ The development of society has made it necessary for us to have a good knowledge of English/ so we cant overemphasize the importance of learning English/ 5)/ Since it is a good thing/ we cant do it too soon/2013-6-25161/ magnesium n/ 镁 162/ aluminium n/ 铝 163/ zinc n/ 锌 164/ partial adj/ 部分的;局部的 165/ copper n/ 铜 166/ oxide n/ 氧化物 167/ rust vi/ 生锈 168/ boil vt/ 煮;煮沸 169/ ordinary adj/ 普通的;平常的 170/ steam n/ 蒸汽;水气 17/ set an example to sb = set sb an example 为树立榜样句型17:不定式作主语,it作形式主语:It +系动词+adj// n/+ for sb/ to do (for sb/表示动词不定式动作的执行者)It +系动词+adj/+ of sb/ to do (of sb/既表示不定式动作的执行者又表示人所具备的性质或特征)1)/ Its important for us to have a good knowledge of English/2)/ How rude of him to treat a child like that!3)/ Its thoughtful of him to fix us up for the night/2013-6-26171/ float vi/ 漂浮 172/ form vi/ 形成 173/ dissolve vi/ 溶解;分解;分离 174/ balance n/ 天平 175/ crucible n/ 坩埚 176/ tongs n/ 夹子;小钳子;镊子 177/ flame n/ 火焰 178/ facility n/ (常作复数)设备;工具 179/ lecture n/ 演讲 180/ department n/ (大学的)科、系 18/ be tired of sth/doing 厌烦做 /句型18/:不定式作宾语,it作形势宾语:主语+think/ consider/believe/ make/ feel+ it +adj//n/ +for sb// of sb/ +to do 1)/ I feel it foolish of him to believe such a man/ 2)/ The timely rain had made it possible for the crops to grow well/2013-6-27181/ astonished adj/ 吃惊的;惊愕的 182/ contain vt/ 包含;包括 183/ access n/ 接近;通路 184/ crash vi/ (计算机)崩溃 185/ keyword n/ 密码;口令 186/ log vt/ 记录;登录 187/ software n/ 软件 188/ breakdown n/ 故障189/ source n/ 来源;出处 190/ accessible adj/ 可进入的;可使用的19/ be tired from sth/doing 因做了 而累句型19:wont/ cant have sb/ doing/ done 不能容忍某行为发生 1)/ You are too rude/ and I wont have you speaking to Mother like that again/ 2)/ We cant have anything done against the school rules/2013-6-28191/ data adj/ (复)数据 192/ defence n/ 保护;防卫 193/ create vt/ 创造;发明 194/ network n/ 网络 195/ via prep/ 途经;经由 196/ percentage n/ 百分数;百分率 197/ design vt/ 设计 198/ document n/ 文件 199/ invention n/ 发明 200/ permission n/ 许可 20/ at all 真地,竟然,究竟,到底句型20:It is said/ thought/ hoped/ believed/that=sb/ /sth/ is said/ thought/ hoped/ believed to do/1)/ It is said that he is studying abroad/- He is said to be studying abroad/2)/It is considered that many countries highly value Chinas role in helping worlds peace/-Many countries is considered to highly value Chinas role in helping worlds peace/2013-6-29201/ military adj/ 军事的;***的 202/ concentrate vi/ 集中(注意力、思想等) 203/ definite adj/ 明确的 204/ fantastic adj/ 极好的;美妙的 )205/ independent adj/ ***的 206/ essay n/ 文章 207/ pass vt/ 超过 208/ frequently adv/ 时常;经常 209/ disadvantage n/ 弊端;缺点 210/ average adj/ 平均的 21/ be/feel at home 随便,***自在句型21:表示过去原打算干,却未曾实现的愿望、打算或意图had hoped to do=hoped to have done/。类似的词还有:expect/ think/ intend/ design/ plan/ mean/ suppose等would like/prefer/ love to have donewas/ wee to have donewas/were supposed to have done1)/- Did you go to see the film “Titanic” last night? -Id like to have/ but I had an unexpected guest/2)/ The plane was to have take off at 7 this morning/ but was held up by the heavy fog/2013-6-30211/ statistics n/ 统计数字 212/ shorten vt/ 缩短 213/ sideways adv/ 横着地;斜
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