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新概念B Unit Learning the rulesppt课件
收录时间:2023-01-26 03:29:44  浏览:1

1、3B U18 Learning the rules!/1/New words and expressions/whisper v/耳语,低语 upstairs adv/在楼上 afraid adj/担心的 whether adv/是否 fight v/打斗 wonder v/ 想知道/2/mystery n/ 秘密,神秘 martial art 武术 competition n/ 比赛 a kind of 一种 rule n/ 规则 What kind of rules do you have at home/at school?/3/New words and expressions/whi

2、sper:speak softly,in a low voice eg:Keep your voice down/ I whispered/ 短语:in a whisper低声地,悄声地 upstairs:go upstairs eg:Heledustoaroomupstairs/ afraid be afraid that 害怕做某事 eg:Imafraidthistaskis beyondme//4/New words and expressions/whether:if Eg:1/Heworried aboutwhetherhisplanwouldbe accepted/ 2/ Thin

3、kit overand letme knowwhetheryouagree withme/ fight 词组:fight for为而战,而奋斗 fight against v/ 对抗;反对;与作斗争 fight with与并肩战斗;为反对而战斗;与打架/5/单词记忆***拼/根据汉语说出英语单词//6/单词记忆***拼/根据英语说出汉语意思//mystery/martial art/fight/wonder/whether/afraid/upstairs/whisper/7/Martial art/8/Karate/9/yet用于疑问句,否定句,意为:迄今。/=Asked about what?

4、What/How about+v/ing eg/How about going to the zoo?/间接疑问句 ask与tell,用法类似/注意现在完成时疑问句,陈述句。/现在进行表正在发生!/10///1/注意现在进行时 2/just为焦点副词,不只是现在完成时标志。/11/常用将来时,预测不希望发生的事。 间接陈述句/反身代词,强调主语/询问某人及答句。/want用法。/12/主句一般现在时,从句用将来时。/let+v/原形 间接疑问句/13/all分配词,谓语动词用单数/(间接陈述句) mean表理解和宣城的动词,如know,believe,say,see等通常无现在进行时/否定的反

5、义疑问句,表期望得到对方肯定回答。/14/fight的v-ing形式/all为adj/修饰可数名词复数,谓语动词用复数。 考虑下和every的用法区别。/15/直接陈述句间接陈述句/be afraid that,know,mean表达的间接陈述句 She wont let me learn karate/ I dont think(that)shell let me learn karate/ 1/She probably wont let me learn karate/ (afraid) 2/Shell say no/ (sure) 3/Shell probably say no/ (af

6、raid) 4/Do you mind? (mean)/16/直接疑问句间接疑问句/ask (someone) if / whether 和know if / whether表达的间接疑问句,whether表示对答案更不确定 在if / whether 后面用陈述句语序(主语+动词) 类似引述动词:know,ask,find out,wonder,mind/ find out等 Direct question: Is it raining? Indirect question: He asked if / whether it was raining//17/直接疑问句间接疑问句/1/Will

7、 you let him learn karate? 2/Can he learn karate? 3/Have you asked Mum about karate lessons? 4/Where are going ? 5/Can he ski? 6/Will Paul join the program? 7/Shell stay at the library/ 8/Has she found a job? 9/Is she enjoying her job? 10/Are the trains running on time?/18/Present Perfect Tense 现在完成

8、时/过去/现在/将来/19/主语 + have/ has + 过去分词(pp)/助动词表示/帮助动词来构成时态/现在完成时的结构/My mom has come back//20/You have planted all the trees/ I have planted all the trees/ He/she has planted all the trees/ They have planted all the trees//区别have 和 has的用法/主语若是第三人称单数助动词用 has/21/主语 + have/ has + 过去分词(pp)/否定形式 havent ( hav

9、e not ) +过去分词 hasnt ( has not ) +过去分词/疑问句 把助动词 have / has 放在句首/现在完成时否定句和疑问句的结构/注:主语若是第三人称单数助动词用 has/22/1、规则变化(过去分词与过去时变化规则一样)/(1)、一般动词,在词尾直接加“ ed ”。 work-worked-worked visit-visited-visited (2)、以“ e ”结尾的动词,只在词尾加“ d ”。 live-lived / likeliked/过去分词/23/(3)、以“辅音字母 + y ”结尾的动词,将 “y” 变为 “i”, 再加“ ed ”。 , stu

10、dy-studied-studied cry-cried-cried (4)、重读闭音节结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母, 先双写该辅音字母,再加“ ed ”。 stop-stopped-stopped drop-dropped-dropped/24/3、不规则变化 (过去分词与过去式形式不一样)/taketooktaken speak spokespoken singsangsung drivedrovedriven bewas/werebeen gowentgone/25/2、不规则变化 (过去分词与不规则动词的过去式形式一样)/havehadhad spend spentspent makem

11、ademaden saysaidsaid findfoundfound hearheardheard/26/4、不规则变化 (过去分词,过去式与动词原形一样)/cutcutcut put putput letletlet readreadread cut- cut -cut/27/1) 表示到现在为止已经完成或刚刚完成的动作。 Now we have planted all the trees/ He has just come back/ They have built many buildings in this city//现在完成时的用法/28/Mother/ Dear son/ cl

12、ean your teeth please//Son/ Mum/ I have already(已经) cleaned them//Mother/ Dear/ tell your father to have breakfast please//Son/ Mum/ dad has had breakfast //29/Father/ Tell your mother to buy some milk/ son//Son/ Oh/ she has just(刚刚) bought some//30/Mother/ Dear / you must clean our house today?/Fat

13、her/ Honey/ we have just(刚刚) cleaned our house//31/2) 表示过去发生的动作对现在的影响,更强调结果。 Someone has broken the window/ (窗户现在是坏的) I have already lost the key/ (我现在没有钥匙) I havent read that book yet / (不了解书的内容) I have just cleaned my hands/ (手是干净的)/常与already(已经)/ yet(已经)/ just(刚刚)/ever(曾经)等词连用//already/ 常用于肯定句中/

14、yet/ 常用于否定句/疑问句尾//32/3) 表示从过去开始并持续到现在的动作或状态,常与包括现在在内的一段时间的状语连用。 She has learned English for 5 years/ He has lived in Beijing since he was born / Has he lived in Shenzhen for 4 years?/常与for/ since引导的时间短语或从句连用//for+ 时间段 since+时间点 / since+ 句子/33/Pattern 1( picture 110-130) A/ Has Claire found a job? B/

15、 I ll ask her if shes found one/Pattern 2/(picture 140-150) A/I wonder if Claires found a job/ B/I dont know/ Ill ask her if she has//Pattern 3160170 A/I must know whether Clairs found a job or not? B/ Leave it to me/ I can find out whether shes found one//34/注:并非所有for作为时间状语的句子都用现在完成时/I worked here

16、for more than twenty years/ (我现在已经不在这里工作了) I have worked here for more than twenty years/ (现在我仍在这里工作)/35/since/ (自以来) 1)since+时间点 Hehasstayedheresince5oclock/ 2)since+ 时间段+ ago Hehasstayedheresince5hoursago/ 3)since+ 从句 ShehastaughtEnglishsincehecamehere/ for/ (长达) for+ 时间段 He has kept the book for

17、2 weeks//since / for 的用法//36/用for 或since填空/Mr/ Brown has had his TV _ 15 years/ Ive taken driving lessons _last month/ My sister has had her cell phone _a month / My friends havent visited me _my birthday/ We havent used our car _ a long time / She hasnt had a good cup of coffee _years/ Tom has worn

18、 glasses _he was 7 years old//for/since/for/since/for/for/since/37/注意/ 瞬间动词不能和时间段连用//38/method 1//动作/die/be over/leave/borrow/buy/arrive/begin/end/finish/join/marry/keep/had/be away/be here/be on(上演)/be married/be in/be dead/39/他的爷爷已经去世2年了。 Nick 参军3年了/ 他离开深圳好长时间了。 这本书我已借了4个月了//His grandpa has been d

19、ead for 2 years//Nick has been in the army for 3 years//He has been away from Shenzhen for a long time//I have kept the book for 4 months//40/method 2//It is + 时间段 since + 一般过去时的句子//他的爷爷已经去世2年了。 Nick 参军3年了/ 他离开深圳好长时间了。 这本书我已借了4个月了//It is 2 years since his grandpa died//It is 3 years since Nick joined the army//It is a long time since he left Shenzhen//It is 4 months since I borrowed the book //41/辨析 have been to和 have gone to/My father has gone to Shanghai for a meeting/ 他(已经)去了上海。/My father has been to Shanghai for a meeting

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