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新概念英语_第册_第课_Lesson_4__ppt课件

时间:2023-01-26 03:29:18  热度:1°C

1、Lesson 4/Travel/An exciting trip/1/Have you ever been abroad?/Have you heard of Australia?/What did you know about Australia?/2/Austalia/3/I/Key words exciting/ receive/ firm/ different II/Key structures The present perfect simple现在完成时/key points/4/New words and expressions/5/exciting adj/ 令人兴奋的 rec

2、eive v/ 接受,收到 firm n/ 商行,公司 different adj/ 不同的 centre n/ 中心 abroad adv/ 在国外/【New words and expressions】生词和短语/6/Language points/1/ I have just received a letter from my brother//收到某人来信/2/He is working for a big firm//get a letter from sb/ have a letter from sb/ hear from sb//在上班、任职/还可以用work at/in/e/g

3、/My father works for a business company//7/3/ he has already visited a great number of different places in Australia//a number of+可数名词的复数,number前一般 可用large/ great/ small等形容词强调数量大小。/8/My brother has never been abroad before/ so he is finding this trip very exciting//abroad adv/ 在国外(副词/ 直接和动词连用) go ab

4、road 去国外 live abroad 国外定居/exciting/adj/ 令人兴奋的/excited 感到兴奋的/-ed自己感到 interested/ bored/ relaxed -ing令人感到interesting/boring/relaxing/9/Language points/4/ He has just bought an Australian car and has gone to Alice springs//He has gone to the south/(还在) He has been to the south/(去过)/5/ He is finding thi

5、s trip very exciting//find+n+adj/觉得怎么样/e/g/I find the film boring/ Do you find the book very interesting?/10/Listen and follow/11/1/ How long has Tim been in Australia?/Listen and answer the question//Tim has been in Australia for six months//2/ What does he do in Australia?/He is working for a big

6、firm as an engineer//3/ Why is Tim finding the trip exciting?/Because Tim has never been abroad before/ This is his first trip abroad//12/Summary writing/Answer these questions in not more than 50 words//What has the writer just received from his brother? 2/ Is Tim an engineer/ or is he a doctor? 3/

7、 How long has he been in Australia? 4/ Has he already visited many places or not? 5/ Where is he now? 6/ Has Tim ever been abroad before or not? 7/ Is he enjoying his trip very much or not?/13/Summary writing/The writer has just received a letter from his brother/ Tim/ Tim is an engineer/ He has bee

8、n in Australia for six months/ He has already visited many places/ Now he is in Alice Springs/ Tim has never been abroad before/ He is enjoying his trip very much//14/现在完成时态/Winter has already come//Grammar/15/现在完成时的构成形式/have done has/助动词/过去分词/Grammar/16/用来表示动作或状态发生在过去/但它的影响现在还存在。 They have left/ -他

9、们已经离开了/也就是说现在他们人不在这里 I have had my lunch/ -我已经吃过午饭了/也就是说我现在不饿/现在完成时的含义/也可表示持续到现在的动作或状态。 He has learned English since 2001/ -从2001年开始学的/现在还在继续学着呢/17/sum up/一、现在完成时/1)构成/肯定句:主语+have/has+过去分词+其它/否定句:主语+have/has not+过去分词+其它/疑问句:Have/Has+主语+过去分词+其它/He has been to Australia//He has not been to Australia//

10、Has he been to Australia?/18/now/past/future/一般过去时/一般过去时表示的是纯粹在过去发生的事情 现在完成时表示的是在过去某个时间开始并持续到现在的动作/状态/或者发生在过去却对现在造成的影响/Grammar/19/现在完成时与一般过去时的比较/1)一般过去时表示过去某时发生的动作或单纯叙述过去的事情,强调动作; 现在完成时为过去发生的,强调过去的事情对现在的影响,强调的是影响。/I saw this film yesterday/ (强调看的动作发生过了。) I have seen this film/ (强调对现在的影响,电影的内容已经知道了。)

11、/20/参考译文 我刚刚收到弟弟蒂姆的来信,他正在澳大利亚。他在那儿已经住了6个月了。蒂姆是个工程师,正在为一家大公司工作,并且已经去过澳大利亚的不少地方了。他刚买了一辆澳大利亚小汽车,现在去了澳大利亚中部的小镇艾利斯斯普林斯。他不久还将到达尔文去,从那里,他再飞往珀斯。我弟弟以前从未出过国,因此,他觉得这次旅行非常激动人心。/21/Thank you!/22/23/2一般过去时常与具体的表示过去的时间状语连用/ 现在完成时通常与模糊时间状语连用或无时间状语。/一般过去时的时间状语/ yesterday/ last week,ago/ in1990/ in October/ just now/

12、 - 具体的时间状语现在完成时的时间状语/ for/ since/ so far/ ever/ never/ just/ yet/ till/until/ up to now/ in the past few years/ recently/ -模糊的时间状语/句子中如有过去时的时间副词(如 yesterday/ last/ week/ in 1960)时,不能使用现在完成时,要用过去时 错Tom has written a letter to his parents last night/ 对Tom wrote a letter to his parents last night//Gram

13、mar/24/3现在完成时可表示持续到现在的动作或状态/动词一般是延续性的/如live/teach/learn/work/study/ know/ 一般过去时常用的非持续性动词有come/ go/ leave/ start/ die/ finish/ become/ get married等。/She joined the League three years ago/ (加入的动作不是延续的) She has been in the League for three years (since three years ago)/(在团内的状态可延续) She has been a League

14、 member for three years (since three years ago)/(是团员的状态可持续)/Grammar/25/延续动词表示经验、经历; 瞬间动词表示行为的结果/不能与表示一段 时间的状语连用。/比较延续动词与瞬间动词/He has finished the work/他已完成了那项工作。 (表结果)Ive known him since then/我从那时起就认识他了。(表经历)/Grammar/26/since 用来说明动作起始时间 “自从” for用来说明动作延续时间长度 “长达” I have lived here for more than twenty

15、 years/I have lived here since I was born/My aunt has worked in a company since 1949/ I have not heard from my uncle for a long time//比较since和for/并非有for 作为时间状语的句子都用现在完成时 I worked here for more than twenty years/ (我现在已不在这里工作。) I have worked here for many years/ (现在我仍在这里工作。)/Grammar/27/He has gone to

16、Shanghai/ 他(已经)去上海了。/He has been to Shanghai/ 他(曾经) 去过上海。/比较 have/has been to / have/has gone to/Grammar/28/He died 10 years ago/ - He _ _ _ for 10 years / since 10 years ago/ 2/ He borrowed the book 2 weeks ago/ - He _ _ the book for 2 weeks/ 3/ He bought the motorbike a month ago/ -He _ _ the moto

17、rbike for a month/ 4/ He arrived here three days ago/ - He _ _ here since three days ago/ 5/ They turned off the light 2 hours ago/ - The light _ _ _ for 2 hours/ 6/ He left here 2 years ago/ - He _ _ _ from here for 2 years/ 7/ The film began 30 minutes ago/ - The film _ _ _ for 30 minutes/ 8/ They

18、 opened the door an hour ago/ - The door _ _ _ for an hour/ 9/ They closed the door an hour ago/ - The door _ _ _ for an hour/ 10/ He joined the army last year/ - He _ _ a _ for a year/ - He _ _ _ the army for a year/ - It _ a year _ he joined the army//延续性动词和瞬间性动词之间的转化/Exercise/29/sum up/2)用法/1/过去发生的动作对现在的影响或产生的结果。常与表示时间的副词连用,如yet/ just/ before/ recently/ ever/ never等。/e/g/ We have ju

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